The Rig-Veda is the oldest Hindu religious texts of the Vedas. It is predominantly dedicated to the god Agni, the fire. Religious scholars believe that the Rigveda is the oldest religious text in continual use in the world.
While some scholars believe that the first written version has been written around 1500 BCE others argue that it emerged as early as 12000 BCE. However, there is a common belief that the Rigveda was passed down orally for centuries before being documented. This notion is strongly supported by the fact that the Rigveda has been composed in the form of hymns, signifying that it was structured in a way that would be easy to narrate and pass down.
The Rigveda is supposed to contain 1,028 hymns dedicated to numerous Hindu gods and goddesses. Most of these hymns were intended to be chanted during specific religious ceremonies, chiefly sacrifices, and they describe the actions and activities of the Hindu gods. As per Hindus belief, Vedas were not transcribed by human beings but were by Gods themselves to Rishis.
The rig Veda accounts in detail the social, religious, political and economic background of the Rig-Vedic civilization. Various stanzas from the Rigveda are recited at weddings, religious ceremonies, and other events in Hindu society. The text is structured in 10 books, known as Mandalas, of erratic era and length.
Apart from Sanskrit, Rigveda has been translated in different languages for those who like to read the Rigveda in other languages. However, efforts have been made to retain the original poetry of the Rigveda. In fact, Rigveda is a proof of full flown Indian culture in the Vedic Period and beyond.
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