Understanding the History, Origin and Composer of the Vedas

“Vedas” meaning wisdom or knowledgeare a large body of texts constituting the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. In fact, they are considered to be the backbone of the entire Hindu culture and are known to have influenced other cultures and religions present today. Even today, the laws of the Vedas control the social, legal, domestic and religious customs of the Hindus.

So, when and from where have these sacred documents come into existence? In other words, what is the origin of these ancient and sacred scriptures? Regarding the origin of the Vedas, there is a lot of ambiguity as the ancient Hindus seldom maintained record of their religious, literary and political insights. Though, many presumptions were being made from time to time by different historians yet it is difficult to determine the period of the Vedas with precision.

While some scholars maintained that they were recorded prior to 2000 B.C.E, other estimated that the Vedas were composed anywhere from 1500 to 400 B.C.E. There is also a lot of uncertainty regarding the content or what all is included in the Vedas. While some believe that it comprises only the hymns or mantras to address the Gods, others believe that Vedas comprises of hymns along with the future additions of the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and the Upanishads.

The four main types of Vedas include the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda, and Atharva Veda. These Vedas have come a long way and their knowledge is timeless. It is indeed believed that humans were not at all involved in the illustrious composition of the Vedas.

They were supposed to be transmitted orally from the creator who is the almighty God to the sages and were handed down through generations bythe word of mouth before being recorded in written. It is assumed that during the time of Lord Krishna, Vyasa Krishna Dwaipayana mainly compiled the Vedas.

To conclude, we can say that Vedas are regarded as the products of divine revelation.  So, honor and understand their importance.